The Etruscan civilization expanded in the area between the two rivers Arno and Tiber on the Italian peninsula. Etruscan art, though strongly influenced by the Greek and Oriental cultures, can definitely be considered an independent and unique art form. The first examples of typically Etruscan artworks can be dated to the 8th century BC, even though there are considerable regional differences in artistic expression.
Seen from a historico-cultural point of view, the Etruscan art is considered a provincial variation of the Greek art with a considerable independent artistic potential.
Etruscan art developed between the 10th and the 7th century BC when the Villanova culture was replaced by the Orientalized phase of the Etruscan culture. During the 1st century BC, the Etruscan art merged seamlessly into the Roman art. The Etruscans passed the technical groundwork for the urbanization on to the Romans, in addition to the first major places of worship and their artistic decoration such as cult images and terracotta roof plates.